The Product Owner role is implemented in organizations in various different ways. The responsibilities and authorities of Product Owners vary across organizations, departments, teams, and Product Owners. This can be explained to some extent, because it is a role that people need to grow into. The role requires some specific competencies and a specific mindset. In addition, for many organizations, it is a new and unknown role in which people (typically management) are trying to find the right balance of responsibilities and mandate. Preferably, a Product Owner has a lot of mandate and he or she is the final decision maker for the product. In many organizations, this is not (yet) the case, however.
In order to create clarity about the level of Product Ownership in your organization, we distinguish five types of Product Owners: